Year 2 SATs​


Year 2 Assessments 2016 – 2017

Information for Parents and Carers


In 2014/15 a new national curriculum framework was introduced by the Government for Years 1, 3, 4 and 5. 'Old' national curriculum levels (e.g. Level 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) have been abolished, as set out in the government guidelines. This year test scores will be reported as 'scaled scores'. This means it is very difficult to compare the assessment of a previous year with the current year.

The new curriculum is more rigorous and sets high expectations which all schools have had to work hard to meet.


What is meant by 'scaled scores'?

Scaled scores are used all over the world. They help test results to be reported consistently from one year to the next. The DfE can't give full information about what the scale will look like yet. They need to wait until pupils have taken the tests and the tests have been marked before they can set the national standard and the rest of the scale.

Once the DfE have set the national standard they will use a statistical technique called 'scaling' to transform the raw score into a scaled score. They will only be able to publish this after the first tests have been administered. It is planned that 100 will always represent the 'national standard'. Each pupil's raw test score will therefore be converted into a score on the scale, either at, above or below 100. The scale will have a lower end point somewhere below 100 and an upper end point above 100.

A child who achieves the 'national standard' (a score of 100) will be judged to have demonstrated sufficient knowledge in the areas assessed by the tests.


Reporting to Parents

We will report your child's scaled score and whether or not your child met the national standard in our usual annual report to parents, at the end of the school year.


Testing in Year 2

Towards the end of Year 2, children will take assessments in:

  • Reading
  • English grammar, punctuation and spelling
  • Maths.

The tests are due to take place, as usual, in May of this year. They will be delivered during our day-to-day routine, with some children completing them in small groups.



The Reading Test consists of two separate papers:

Paper 1

Contains a selection of texts totalling between 400 and 700 words with questions about the text.

Paper 2

Contains a reading booklet of a selection of passages totalling 800 to 1100 words. Children will write their answers to questions about the passage in a separate booklet.

Each paper is worth 50% of the marks and should take approximately 30 minutes to complete, although the children are not being assessed at working at speed so will not be strictly timed.

The texts will cover a range of poetry, fiction and non-fiction.

Questions are designed to assess the comprehension and understanding of a child's reading. Some questions are multiple choice or selected response, others require short answers and some require an extended response or explanation.


Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

Children will sit three separate papers in grammar, spelling and punctuation. These are optional tests and as such, results will not be reported to parents this year but will inform our future planning.

Paper 1 and 2

A grammar, punctuation and vocabulary test, in two sections of around 10 minutes each (with a break between, if necessary), worth 20 marks. This will involve a mixture of selecting the right answers e.g. through multiple choice, and writing short answers.

Paper 3

A 20-word spelling test taking approximately 15 minutes and worth 10 marks.



Children will sit two tests.

Paper 1 is for arithmetic, lasting approximately 25 minutes and worth 25 marks. It covers calculation methods for all operations.

Paper 2 covers problem solving, reasoning and mathematical fluency, lasts for approximately 35 minutes and is worth 35 marks.

Pupils will still require calculation skills, and questions will be varied including multiple choice, matching, true/false, completing a chart or table or drawing a shape. Some questions will also require children to show or explain their working out.



Although the formal English papers don't include a writing test, children's writing will be assessed by their teacher. Pupils will be asked to write in a range of writing genres. Spelling and handwriting are important (see below).

Children need to include all of the following in their writing if they are to be assessed as working at the expected standard:


Sentence structure

  • demarcating most sentences with capital letters and full stops and with some use of question marks and exclamation marks
  • using sentences with different forms in their writing (statements, questions, exclamations and commands)
  • using some expanded noun phrases to describe and specify
  • using present and past tense mostly correctly and consistently
  • using co-ordination (or / and / but) and some subordination (when / if / that / because)



  • segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
  • spelling many common exception words
  • spelling some words with contracted forms (eg didn't, I'm)
  • adding suffixes to spell some words correctly in their writing (eg  –ment, –ness, –ful, –less, –ly)



  • using the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters in some of their writing
  • writing capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower case letters
  • using spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters.


Moderators will visit our school to quality assure our teacher assessments.


At our Parents' Meeting for Year 2, we gave parents an information booklet outlining the above information. The booklet also included information on how parents could help their child at home.